Comprehensive reading is a real vital ability, though it sounds ‘basic and easy thing to do, though many students face problems while reading.
Reading comprehension is the ability to connect and understand what you read. The comprehensive reading problems can be with anybody from adults to young children who have just started reading.
Why do some students struggle with reading comprehension?
There is a bulk load of reasons for that but the common ones are :
-Lack of phonemic awareness
-Less exposure with the books
-Hearing issue( biological disorder)
It is really crucial to teach a student how to decode the letters in words, and read the whole word.
- The next step is to read the whole sentence and work upon the speech keeping in mind the vocabulary and punctuation included.
The reading problems need to be corrected otherwise it becomes a problem for life and reading books is a thing that an eerie individual does. Reading without understanding is of no use.
- Reading comprehension can be usedaced if you are able to read as well as understand the concept behind what students have just read. Students might learn how to decode the letters but as soon as they reach the third grade, they encounter manyencounter withwit many problems regarding soaking in the meaning and relating the whole context actively if they are reading really well.
This is a very common thing seen in students but if you follow these strategies it will help them in understanding the whole paragraph or chapter, whatever they are reading.
5 really effective ways to supports the students who struggle with reading comprehension
- Work on vocabulary and text understandability:
Reading comprehension depends upon the knowledge of vocabulary and comprehending the text that students read.
- The student should have a strong vocabulary, then the reading comprehension process initiates otherwise it is of no use. The elementary school students who have just started reading can be supported by the teacher, by making students aware of the words and their meaning in the simplest way possible.
- Not just this text comprehension helps students to understand what the text isis the text all about and try to claim by creating connections between the texts and relating with the pre-existing knowledge.
- Check the background knowledge:
- Having background knowledge is important for students to comprehend what they are reading. Having prior knowledge makes teaching easier and even reading comprehension for students smooth. In case students are lacking background knowledge, a teacher must make them familiar with the keywords and the ideas behind the text, topic, chapter, before reading it. This will help students connect well with the topic and evolve reading comprehension by learning from a teacher.
- Teachers can also try the KWL strategy like if the text is about a particular title, ask the students about ‘what they know’ about it, ‘what they want to know related to it’, ‘what they have learned so far’’. By this method, there are chances to understand students better and provide them with thethem the key terms related to the whole text.
- Use various methods to activate thinking :
- Questioning related to the text
- Picturise what they are reading or using pre-existing knowledge
- Assume what is about to come next in the text.
- Reading the text againagain the text to get a more elaborate idea. Re-reading the text will avoid distractions and get more clarified in the heads of the students.
- Read aloud if the re-reading method doesn’t work for reading comprehension.
- Looking back again at text is not bad at all, it simply makes you aware of keywords.
- Get deeper with the questions to enhance their thought processing limits.
- Teaching reciprocally:
- All the upper strategies work amazingly well practicing with reciprocal teaching. Reciprocal teaching is a specialized activity in which students “take the lead”, they become the teacher and play various roles while reading aloud or reading in groups. The role can be questionnairebe of questionnairequestioner, clarifier, summarizer, and predictor. This practice ultimately helps them learn these four techniques while reading and comprehending the text productively.
- A questioner put forward questions about the confusing portion of the lesson.
- A summarizer explains important details in the text, discussion, or topic.
- A clarifier clarifies the confusions that came out as questions by the questioner and makes it more understandable.
- A predictor predicts what happens next on the basis of reading and discussion of the text.
- To make it more fun and productive, students can rotate the roles in groups and acquire the various benefits of reciprocal teaching.
- Reciprocal teaching brings about comprehensive skills in the students in both cases whether the teacher reads aloud or the student at an individual level reading a text.
- Teachers can directly teach comprehensioncomprehensive skills to the students like how to sequence, the way events are progressing, story structure, making inferences, and finally drag out the conclusion of the lesson.
- Identifying and summarizingad summarizing strategies:
- What does the author want to depict? Why did he write this? Many such questions are not that easy, and their answers are eventually difficult too. But identifying the main idea behind and summarizingsummarising help students decide the purpose behind the text, writer’s intuitions by putting it in their own words. That strategy is for readers of all ages and surely aids in reading comprehension.
- With this, in later times when they will read they automatically will create the information on reading. WritingWiting summary keeping various quests in andindiaind like what is the main idea of the text, which points connects more to the main idea, what is non-required information connecting less with mainain idea? All this will train students’ mindsmind to see the connectivity of parts and how the authors change the plot.
Now you have a clear idea of how to support students with reading problems. Teach them patiently, as reading comprehension is not an instant oatmeal dish, students will learn the skills and implement these as they grow. Each grade has a role in enhancing these reading comprehension skills.