Young pupils frequently struggle to comprehend basic mathematical ideas, making it harder for them to succeed at later levels of mathematics instruction. Failure to learn fundamental arithmetic concepts early on might often deter students from taking more difficult math courses later on. It doesn’t have to be that way, though.
Students and their parents can use a range of ways to assist young mathematicians in better comprehending math ideas. Understanding arithmetic answers rather than memorizing them, practicing them repeatedly, and hiring a personal tutor are just a few of the ways that young students can enhance their math skills.
Here are some easy tips to assist your difficult math kid to improve their ability to solve problems and comprehend basic concepts.
- Lack of confidence is highlighted by more than two-thirds of respondents (68%) as a factor that stops their children from achieving in mathematics. Students must think that they can improve their grades, and a teacher may assist them by encouraging them to believe that they can overcome their academic challenges. Those who feel they can learn arithmetic do better than students who are discouraged from the outset. Half the fight is already won if pupils begin with a good mindset. Teachers should advise parents to be enthusiastic about the topic and not to instill dread or depression in their children by emphasizing how difficult math is to master. Parents should encourage and help their children, as well as seek out mentors if necessary so that they can reach their maximum potential in the topic. Teachers may help parents by providing insight into the issues their child is experiencing. Teachers advise parents to avoid talking adversely about arithmetic, particularly suggesting that it is difficult or pointless (74 percent)—rather, they should encourage their children to persevere and assist them in finding math mentors if they are unable to answer questions (71 percent).
- Students sometimes attempt to memorize a technique or sequence of stages rather than attempting to comprehend why particular steps are essential in a procedure. As a result, it’s critical for teachers to convey the why as well as the how of arithmetic topics to their students. Take, for example, the long division algorithm, which seldom makes sense until a precise way of explanation is first well grasped. When the question is 73 divided by 3, we usually answer “how many times does 3 go into 7?” After all, the number seven signifies 70 or seven tens. The answer to this question is not how many times 3 becomes 7, but how many are in the group of three when the 73 is divided into three groups. 3 divided by 7 is only a shortcut, but dividing 73 into three groups indicates that a pupil has a complete comprehension of a concrete model of this long division example.
- Math is a language unto itself, designed to convey the connections between numbers. Learning mathematics, like learning a new language, necessitates new pupils to practice each idea independently. Some topics may take more practice than others, but teachers must guarantee that each student practices the idea until he or she achieves proficiency in that specific arithmetic skill. Understanding arithmetic, like learning a new language, may be a long process for some individuals. Encouraging pupils to embrace such “A-ha!” moments will assist to build joy and energy for mastering the mathematical language.
When a student correctly answers seven different questions in a row, the student has most likely grasped the topic.
Young mathematicians should practice not just in class or with assignments, but also individually with worksheets focused on essential ideas.
In addition to their normal assignments of even-number problems, students who are failing should challenge themselves to complete the odd number questions of 1-20, whose solutions are in the back of their math textbooks. Students will have a better understanding of the subject by doing the extra practice questions. Teachers should revisit the material a few months later, enabling their pupils to complete some practice questions to check that they understand it.
- Math manipulatives are tangible items used to teach math principles, such as counters, bricks, and interlocking cubes. A study on the usefulness of manipulatives in teaching elementary mathematics looked at how manipulatives were used at different grade levels and in different countries and found that the majority of the studies indicated an improvement in arithmetic achievement when manipulatives were used well. Using manipulatives has various benefits, according to the report, including enhancing knowledge and memory as well as lowering arithmetic fear.
Manipulatives are more beneficial for kindergarten and lower primary pupils, according to Lau, although they can even help upper primary students. They can be useful or ineffective based on the level of knowledge of upper primary kids. Manipulatives can be good to recap and reteach topics, or to assist kids master several concepts, such as a problem that includes the usage of fractions and ratio, depending on the level of comprehension of upper primary pupils,” he explains. Manipulatives are especially useful for basic school concepts like whole numbers, fractions, ratios, and measuring tasks.
- Some people prefer to work independently. When it comes to addressing difficulties, though, having a work partner might be beneficial to certain pupils. A work buddy may sometimes assist another student to understand a subject by looking at it and expressing it in a different way. If kids are having trouble grasping topics on their own, teachers and parents should form a study group or work in pairs or triads. Professionals frequently collaborate on challenges in adulthood, and math doesn’t have to be any different. Students can also talk about how they individually solved the math issue, or how one or the other didn’t comprehend the solution, with a work partner. And, as you’ll see in this list of suggestions, talking about arithmetic contributes to long-term comprehension.
While math may not be the simplest subject for the majority of pupils, patience will pay off in the end. When considering how to increase students’ math achievement, the key component is to instill a positive attitude toward the learning content and to assist students in engaging with and relating to the knowledge being studied. Positive reinforcement and explanation of work as needed will go a long way toward increasing their grades and general achievement in mathematics.